Belt wrestling Koresh is a type of belt martial arts in which the participant’s goal in the fight is to put the opponent on the mat using any of the permitted techniques.

Belt wrestling Koresh is a sport with a thousand-year history; along with rituals and traditions, it constitutes the national culture of many peoples of the world. The first mention of Koresh was left by Arab travelers Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, who visited Volga Bulgaria in 922.

The “Koresh” wrestling has its deep roots; along with rituals and traditions, it constitutes the national culture of the Tatar and many Turkic peoples. From time immemorial, in many territories, in places where Tatars live compactly, the folk festival “Sabantuy” took place (saban - plow, plow; tui - wedding. A holiday symbolizing the completion of spring field work), with many different entertainments and “koresh” competitions. The culmination of the holiday was the identification of the batyr Sabantuy.

The Arab traveler Ahmad Ibn Fadlan, who visited Volga Bulgaria in 922, and Abu Hamid al-Garnati, who visited there in 1131, left their records about this folk holiday and about the pahlevan (hero) fighters.
Wrestlers demonstrate technique and form for koresh wrestling
In “Koresh” wrestling, a technique is understood as a purposeful attacking action by a wrestler, during which the opponent breaks away from the mat, and then, as a result of this action, finds himself in a certain position on the mat.

For example, throws with a deflection through the chest in various variations (including stepping behind the opponent’s left or right leg), throws with a throw behind the back, etc. Techniques performed without lifting the opponent off the mat (for example, knocking down, knocking down) are not evaluated.

In “Koresh” wrestling, trips, sweeps, and hooking with legs are completely prohibited, but throws with the legs are allowed.

Koresh” wrestling is a belt wrestling. Despite this, it is very different from the sport of “belt wrestling” (classical style).

Main differences:
1.    The uniform of clothing is different: red, green shirts in koresh and blue, green shirts in belt wrestling.
2.    In the “Koresh” wrestling, falls and knockdowns are not evaluated. Techniques with amplitude performed with a separation from the mat are counted. During the technique, knocking with the knee and throws with bait are allowed. In belt wrestling, all kinds of stalling and knocking down are evaluated. Techniques with baiting and kneeing are prohibited.
3.    In “Koresh” wrestling, covering is only a defensive (passive) action and is not considered a countermeasure. In belt wrestling, covering is a countermeasure and is assessed positively.
4.    In “Koresh” wrestling and belt wrestling, competitions are held in different sports disciplines (weight categories).

On September 9, 2009, the International and European Associations of Tatar belt wrestling “Koresh” were created, which began to hold world and European championships.
The International Tatar Belt Wrestling Association "Koresh", as part of the World Committee of Traditional Wrestling, joined the International Federation of United Styles of Wrestling (FILA), which is a member of the International Olympic Committee.

In September 2009, as part of the fourth FILA World Wrestling Games, the World Wrestling Championship “Koresh” was held in the city of Siauliai (Lithuania), and in December 2009, the 1st European Wrestling Championship “Koresh” in the absolute weight category was held in Vilnius, Republic of Lithuania .

In May 2010, the International Association of Tatar Belt Wrestling “Koresh” organized and held the next World Wrestling Championship “Koresh” in five weight categories in the city of Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan (Russia).

The World Championships in Kazan gave a strong impetus to the development of “Koresh” wrestling in the international sports arena. After the World Championship, official national wrestling federations “Koresh” were created in Uzbekistan, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Ukraine. This sport began to develop in other countries - Belarus, Kazakhstan, South Korea, India, Mongolia, China, Turkmenistan, Moldova, Latvia, Abkhazia, Kyrgyzstan, etc. The Asian Association of Tatar Belt Wrestling “Koresh” was created.

In April 2011 in London, within the framework of the international sports conference “SportAccord”, a new agreement was signed between the international Association of Tatar belt wrestling “Koresh” and the international federation of united wrestling styles FILA on further mutual cooperation in the field of promotion and development of wrestling “Koresh” at the international sports arena.

In 2011, the 1st Asian wrestling championship “Koresh” was held in the city of Mashhad, Republic of Iran, and in 2012, the world championship among boys 15-16 years old was held in the city of Sao Paulo (Brazil).

Wrestling "Koresh" was included in the program of the XXVII World Summer Universiade 2013 in Kazan. The strongest athletes from 21 countries of the world took part in the koresh competition, and 7 sets of medals were competed for.
World Belt Wrestling Championship Koresh
The delegation of the Koresh Federation takes an active part in various international sports projects in Japan, France and Holland.
The International Koresh Belt Wrestling Federation includes 42 countries. International tournaments are held annually on four continents of the world.

Athletes from more than 40 countries take part in the Koresh Belt Wrestling World Championship, held annually in the Republic of Tatarstan. In 2019, for the first time, the World Under-19 Championship was held together with the Championship.
Every year, more than 50 thousand guests of the largest festival of Tatar culture - Sabantuy "MINGER" - become spectators of the World Championship.

The development of koresh in the international arena continues with the entry of the Koresh Federation into the World Ethnosport Confederation, headed by the president of the confederation Bilal Erdogan.

The Koresh Federation of Russia was represented three times at international forums of the ethnosport confederation, and in 2019 the Koresh World Championship was visited by the director of the confederation, Levent Akici. In the future, it is planned to include koresh in the program of the World Nomad Games, which are held under the auspices of the ethnosport confederation.
In the internal structure of the confederation, the Koresh Federation of Russia is part of the Central Asian Committee. According to the committee's regulations, a representative of the Koresh Federation will take the post of chairman for the next two years.

Belt wrestling Koresh is included in the program of the CIS Games in 2021, and participation in the largest international sporting events is also planned:
- World Nomad Games (Türkiye)
- International Ethnosport Games (Kazakhstan)

In recent years, koresh as a sport has continued its systematic development in all directions: koresh wrestling has acquired strong partners in the international arena, strengthened its position in the regions and reached new heights in the qualification level of athletes and specialists. All this allowed us to preserve the accumulated experience and create a solid foundation for future achievements
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